Japanese famous car "Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution".
16 May 2022
The LANCER Evolution is a sedan-type and station-wagon-type sports car produced and sold by Mitsubishi Motors.
LANCER Evolution was born as a homologation model to win the WRC (World Rally Championship) given a 2.0L turbo engine and a 4WD drive system to utilize its power, based on the small sedan LANCER.
From the appearance in 1992 to the end of production in 2016, models that have evolved almost every year have appeared, and there are 10 models of 4 generations.
The origin of the car name comes from "LANCER", a spear knight who was an elite in European chivalry, and "evolution" and "development".
Advertising slogan emphasized evolution and running such as "evolution does not stop", "LANCER running, extreme here", "V-dimensional, instantaneous power".
The first generation appeared in 1992. At that time, the WRC (World Rally Championship) was stipulated that Group A (mass production vehicle remodeling division) set by the FIA (International Automobile Federation) was the main category, and that the production of base vehicles should be 2,500 or more per year.
Mitsubishi chose LANCER as the base model in view of its success in this category.
The 2.0L turbo engine to be installed is the one installed in the Galant VR-4 that was already active in the rally. In order to mount this high-power engine on a compact car, the body was reinforced, the suspension was made more rigid, and the bonnet hood was made of aluminum to reduce the weight.
In 1996, following the full model change of LANCER in the previous year, LANCER Evolution also evolved to the second generation, and LANCER Evolution IV appeared.
This model first adopted AYC (Active Yaw Control), which assists turning performance by the driving force of the rear. The maximum output of the engine also reached 280ps, which was the upper limit of self-regulation at that time.
In 1998, the model was changed to LANCER Evolution V, and from this time on, the body size became 3 numbers. The LANCER Evolution V has dramatically improved cornering performance by expanding the tread, making it a machine that was very active in all fields such as gymkhana, dirt trials, rallies, and races.
In the WRC, both manufacturers and drivers became champions and boasted the highest achievements in history.
In 2001, the base LANCER was fully remodeled, so the LANCER Evolution became the 3rd generation, and it was released from the LANCER Evolution VII to the XI MR.
From this model, ACD (electronically controlled variable multi-plate clutch mechanism) that electronically controls the differential limitation of the front and rear wheels is newly adopted. According to the road conditions, it is possible to switch between 3 modes of "tarmac (paved road)", "gravel (unpaved road)", and "snow (snow road)" with a switch in the car, compared to the previous model. It has become easier to make sharp turns in competitions such as rallies and gymkhana.
In 2005, the first LANCER Evolution station wagon was launched.
With the release of GALANT FORTIS in 2007, LANCER Evolution became the 4th generation, and LANCER Evolution X was released.
After making several minor changes, the engine output has exceeded 280PS and has been increased to 300PS. In addition to the 5-speed MT, the newly developed 6-speed DCT "Twin Clutch SST" and the 2-pedal MT that does not have a clutch pedal are newly set.
In 2016, the curtain was closed on the history of LANCER Evolution, which has continued to evolve for 24 years.